Duration : 12 Hours
Route :The Castle of Diyarbakır – Hasanpasa Inn – The Great Mosque – Virgin Marry Church
We will meet in Ankara airport. Departure from Ankara will be in the morning by plane. A city of southeast Turkey on the Tigris River, it was a Roman colony called Amida from A.D. 230 to 363 and was finally captured by the Ottoman Turks in 1515. After arrive Diyarbakir, we will drive to The Castle of Diyarbakir. The Castle of Diyarbakır has for thousands of years, acted as historical guardian of the city’s relics as it sits on a wide plane on the eastern edge of the basalt plateau that rises from the life-giving waters of Tigris, the structure is composed of the earlier Inner Fortress and the Outer Fortress. As the city’s first site of settlement, the Inner Fortress constitutes the core of the city. The Small Castle found here was built between 3700-3500 B.C.E. by the Hurrians and the Mitannis also we will see Gates and Towers. Diyarbakır rampart is famous for being the longest wall after the Great Wall of China ramparts, 5.5 km long and 7-8 m in height. We will go Hasanpaşa Inn. This historic space of travel and trade is located on Gazi Avenue, directly across from the Great Mosque. This is the second biggest extant inn in the city – The inn was built between the years of 1572 and 1575 by Hasan Pasha, son of Vezir-î Azam Sokullu Mehmet Pasha. It has two stories, a generous cellar, and a courtyard. You enter through a low archway and a tunneled vault into the courtyard, and in the center of the courtyard is a beautiful, unadorned fountain covered by a dome and supported by stone columns. To the sides are a number of porticos covered by tunneled vaults. You will have some free time to relax a bit here and also the chance to purchase some cool refreshments or even a spot of lunch at the nearby cafe.
After you lunch break we will go on to visit The Great Mosque. The Great Mosque is the first mosque built in Anatolia and is considered the fifth holyest site in Islam. It’s located on Gazi Avenue, just across from the Hasanpaşa Inn. In the period before monotheism the space was reputedly used as a site of worship and sacrifice, then early in the first millennium C.E., the same space was transformed into a church and was named after Saint Thomas or Mar Toma. In 639 when the city was passed to Muslim rule the space was turned into a mosque called Cami-i Kebir or also can be known as Great Mosque. Afterwards we will go Virgin Mary Ancient Church to which has been built on top of a temple used since well before the Common Era as a space of sun worship, The Mother Mary Church was built in the third century C.E. It is one of the few active churches in a city once with a large and vibrant Christian community. The structure includes a library, quarters for the Patriarchate, a guest house, and residence quarters, along with three splendid courtyards. At the end of the tour we will then drive you back to the airport so you can catch your flight back to Istanbul.
- Transfer from Ankara hotel or Ankara airport.
- Transportation with air-conditioned and non-smoking buses.
- Professional English speaking guide.
- All entrance fees to the sites and museum.
What’s Not Included
- Tips (optional)