Location : Sanliurfa, Turkey

Location : Sanliurfa, Turkey

Harran

Harran is situated 44 km. southeast of Şanlıurfa, in the middle of a broad plain which bears the same name. Indeed, the name Harran comes down to us unchanged after four thousand years, and the city was once home the Septimites, ancient Mesopotamian idolaters who worshipped the sun and planets.The world-famous university at Harran, which dates back to antiquity, has educated a number of luminaries, including Sabit bin Kurra (born 821), one of the greatest mathematicians and physicians of his time, who translated the Greek phiosophers into Arabic; Battani; who correctly calculated the distance from the Earth to the moon; Cabir bin Hayyan, discoverer of the atom; and the theologian Ibn-i Teymiyye.Harran’s place in the universal heritage is also assured by the tomb of Sheik Yahya Hayat el-Harrani, a renowned Islamic scholar who lived in the 12th century; the citadel and city walls; the tumulus; Anatolia’s first mosque; the cami elfirdevs or Ulu Mosque; and the distinctive Harran houses with their conical domes.